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CIOPI中國鐵礦石價格指數編制方法(中文版)
發布日期:2015-10-21 關注次數:112

CIOPI@**@鐵礦石價格指數編制方法(中文版)

 

一、CIOPI中國鐵礦石價格指數的結構

CIOPI@**@鐵礦石價格指數由一個綜合指數,國產鐵礦石價格指數、進口鐵礦石價格指數兩個分項指數構成。中國鐵礦石價格指數是在計算“國產鐵礦石價格指數”和“進口鐵礦石價格指數”的基礎上,按上年全年進口鐵礦石和國產鐵礦石占國內生鐵產量的權重,加權平均算出。

(一)國產鐵礦石價格指數

國產鐵礦石價格指數包含:

1、62%品位國產鐵礦石價格指數;

2、62%、65%品位國產鐵礦石價格(人民幣干基出廠含稅價)。

以1994年4月份國產鐵精礦的市場價格為100點,以后各期62%品位國產鐵礦石價格與之進行比較、計算后得出指數?;鶖灯瘘c和計算方法與鋼鐵協會目前公布的CSPI中國鋼材價格指數及英國商品研究所公布的CRU**鋼材價格指數一致。

(二)進口鐵礦石價格指數

進口鐵礦石價格指數包含:

1、62%品位進口鐵礦石價格指數;

2、62%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格;

3、62%品位進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格;

4、58%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格;

5、58%品位進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格。

以1994年4月份進口粉礦市場價格為100點,以后各期62%品位進口鐵礦石價格與之進行比較、計算后得出指數?;鶖灯瘘c和計算方法與鋼鐵協會目前公布的CSPI中國鋼材價格指數及英國商品研究所公布的CRU**鋼材價格指數一致。

二、中國鐵礦石價格指數的編制方法

(一)國產鐵礦石價格指數的編制方法

1、數據來源

國產鐵礦石價格基礎數據通過中國冶金礦山企業協會的國產鐵礦石價格信息系統進行采集。根據國產鐵礦石產量分布情況,兼顧各行政區域的平衡,在**范圍選擇14個省區市、32個礦山區域的國產鐵精礦市場成交含稅價格作為計算國內鐵礦石價格指數的數據基礎。2014年,所選區域鐵礦石產量占**產量的89.84%。

2、計算方法

(1)權重系數

國產鐵礦石根據各省區市上年度鐵礦石產量,占所選全部區域產量的比重作為各省區市的權重系數(每年2月按上年產量情況調整一次)。

(2)樣本標準

A.65%品位國產鐵礦石樣本標準如下:

△含鐵量:65%,選樣區間60%-67%;

△濕度:8%,選樣區間6%-10%;

△二氧化硅:5%,選樣區間4-6%;

△二氧化鋁:0.75%,選樣區間0.3%-1.2%;

△磷:不高于0.03%;

△硫:不高于0.05%;

△酸堿性:酸性為標準,將堿性納入搜集范圍,并將其根據市場價差折算為酸性;

△粒度:70%以上的粒度在0.074mm以內;

△數量:每宗交易合同量不小于1000噸;

△地點:中國14個省市區、32個礦山區域的出廠價;

△付款方式:*%現金付款。其他方式付款交易的鐵精粉將被標準化為現金交易;

△估價單位:人民幣/元,含17%的增值稅

B.62%品位國產鐵礦石樣本標準與65%品位國產鐵礦石樣本標準相同

(3)價格指數編制方法

按14個省區市、32個礦山區域的國產鐵精礦干基市場含稅價格,統一換算為65.0%品位、干基含稅標準價格;再加權計算**鐵礦石平均價格;該品位價格不折算為指數。

按14個省區市、32個礦山區域的國產鐵精礦干基市場含稅價格,統一換算為62.0%品位、干基含稅標準價格;再加權計算**鐵礦石平均價格;**加權平均價格指數以1994年4月價格為100點,計算國產鐵礦石價格指數。

(二)進口鐵礦石價格指數的編制方法

1、數據來源

(1)進口鐵礦石價格直報系統按日收集的企業直接進口鐵礦石合同價格數據;

(2)進口鐵礦石價格直報系統按日收集的企業進口鐵礦石現貨貿易合同價格數據;

(3)專家組成員、信息員每個工作日對直接進口鐵礦石的評估價格(美元計價);

(4)專家組成員、信息員每個工作日對進口鐵礦石現貨貿易的評估價格(人民幣含稅計價);

(5)參考大連商品交易所鐵礦石主力合約當日收盤價格變動情況、北京**礦業權交易所鐵礦石現貨平臺當日報盤成交合同價格,以及新加坡GlobalOre現貨交易平臺當日成交合同價格。

2、計算方法

(1)基礎數據

進口鐵礦石價格指數基礎數據分為兩部分,即合同數據和評估數據。

一是將各方面報送的直接進口鐵礦石合同價格在考慮升貼水后統一換算為62.0%品位和58%品位干基不含稅美元價格,并按實際合同量加權計算出進口鐵礦石平均到岸價格;

二是將各方面報送的進口鐵礦石現貨貿易合同價格,在考慮升貼水后統一折算為62%品位和58%品位干基含稅人民幣價格,并按實際合同量加權計算出進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣價格;

三是大連期貨交易所進口鐵礦石期貨主力合約每個交易日收盤價格的變化數據;

四是評估數據,來自**30位專家和79位信息員每個工作日上報的數據。

根據不同的比例,計算出綜合價格,其中62%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格再以1994年4月進口鐵礦石美元價格為100點,計算出進口鐵礦石價格指數。

▲62%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格和進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格計算過程如下:

第一步:將所采用的合同統一標準化為62%品位的數據,篩選條件為:合同簽定日期為當日,品位折算、S、P、Al和Si等按標準折扣折算,扣除水分、雜質等;

第二步:對專家組和信息員組上報的估價數據進行處理;

第三步:對大連商品交易所收盤價格數據進行采集;對北礦所數據進行采集;對新加坡GlobalOre數據進行采集;

第四步:按照一定的比例對各類數據進行計算得出當日的62%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格和進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格;

第五步:根據62%品位國產礦價格和62%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格分別計算各自的指數,然后根據各自的權重,綜合計算得出中國鐵礦石價格指數。

58%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格和現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格計算過程類似,但不計入指數計算。

(2)樣本標準

A.62%品位直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格數據樣本標準如下:

△含鐵量:62%,選樣區間在60%-63.5%

△濕度:8.00%;

△二氧化硅:4.50%;

△三氧化二鋁:2.00%;

△磷:0.075%;

△硫:0.02%;

△粒度:90%以上的粒度在10mm以內;

△數量:每筆交易不少于3.5萬噸;

△地點:**各主要港口,標準化處理為青島港到岸價;

△海運方式:CFR(含海運費)或CIF(含海運+保險費);

△船期:即日起2-4周內;

△付款方式:*%即期付款;其他方式付款交易的鐵礦石將被標準化為現金交易;

△估價單位:美元/噸,不含增值稅

B.62%品位進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格數據樣本標準如下:

△含鐵量:62%,選樣區間在60%-63.5%

△濕度:8.00%;

△二氧化硅:4.50%;

△三氧化二鋁:2.00%;

△磷:0.075%;

△硫:0.02%;

△粒度:90%以上的粒度在10mm以內;

△數量:每筆交易不少于1萬噸;

△地點:**各主要港口,標準化處理為青島港現貨價;

△付款方式:*%即期付款;其他方式付款交易的鐵礦石將被標準化為現金交易;

△估價單位:元/噸,含增值稅

C.58%品位直接進口低鋁鐵礦石到岸美元價格數據樣本標準:

△含鐵量:58%,樣本數據范圍在50%-60%(不含60%)

△濕度:9.50%;

△二氧化硅:5.50%;

△三氧化二鋁:1.50%;

△磷:0.05%;

△硫:0.02%;

△粒度:90%以上的粒度在10mm以內;

△數量:每筆交易不少于3.5萬噸;

△地點:**各主要港口,標準化處理為青島港到岸價;

△海運方式:CFR(含海運費)或CIF(含海運+保險費);

△船期:即日起2-4周內;

△付款方式:*%即期付款;其他方式付款交易的鐵礦石將被標準化為現金交易;

△估價單位:美元/噸,不含增值稅

D.58%品位進口低鋁鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格數據樣本標準:

△含鐵量:58%,樣本數據范圍在50%-60%(不含60%)

△濕度:9.50%;

△二氧化硅:5.50%;

△三氧化二鋁:1.50%;

△磷:0.05%;

△硫:0.02%;

△粒度:90%以上的粒度在10mm以內;

△數量:每筆交易不少于1萬噸;

△地點:**各主要港口,標準化處理為青島港現貨價;

△付款方式:*%即期付款;其他方式付款交易的鐵礦石將被標準化為現金交易;

△估價單位:元/噸,含增值稅

(3)價格權重

直接進口鐵礦石到岸美元價格和進口鐵礦石現貨貿易人民幣含稅價格以信息員報送的合同實際數量為權重加權平均計算,并對有質量差異的按標準進行升貼水。

三、說明

中國鐵礦石價格指數(CIOPI)編制方法,由中國鋼鐵工業協會、中國五礦化工進出口商會及中國冶金礦山企業協會聯合發布;由鐵礦石價格指數辦公室負責解釋。

聯系人:趙偉、刁力

聯系電話:010-65131884

Email:zhaowei177@163.com


 

Compilation Methodology of CIOPI

 

1,Composition of CIOPI

CIOPI are constituted by a comprehensive index and two sub indexes namely domestic iron ore price index and imported iron ore price index. On the basis of the calculation of domestic iron ore price index and imported iron ore price index, CIOPI is the weighted average according to the weight of the imported iron ore and domestic iron ore over the domestic pig iron output.

1.1, Domestic iron ore price index

Domestic iron ore price index includes

first, 62% iron content domestic price index;

second, 62% and 65% domestic iron ore price (ex factory dry RMB price with tax included)

Take the market price of domestic concentration in Apr, 1994 as 100 points, the index of the 62% domestic iron ore is calculated in comparison with the 100 points. The starting points and calculation method is in line with the present CSPI (China Steel Price Index) and the international steel products price of CRU.

1.2,Imported Iron ore price index

Imported iron ore price index includes:

1.2.1, 62% imported iron ore price

1.2.2, 62% direct import CIF price in USD

1.2.3, 62% import spot RMB price including tax

1.2.4, 58% direct import CIF price in USD

1.2.5, 58% import spot RMB price including tax

Take the market price of imported fines in Apr, 1994 as 100 points, the price index of the 62% domestic iron ore is calculated in comparison with the above 100 points. The starting points and calculation method is in line with the present CSPI (China Steel Price Index) and the international steel products price of CRU.

2, Compilation methodology of China Iron ore price index,

2.1, domestic price index

Sources:

The figures are collected via the domestic price information system of China Metallurgical Mining Enterprises Association. Based on the domestic iron ore output distribution and take into account the balance of administrative regions. the transaction domestic price including tax from 4 provinces and 32 mining areas are selected as the data base of domestic price index calculation. In 2014, the total output of the selected area made up 89.84% of the nation’s total output.

2.2, methodology

2.2.1, weight coefficient,

The weight coefficient was based on the proportion of iron ore output of the provinces in the previous year over the total output. (Adjustment was made every February according to the output in the previous year)

2.2.2, sample

A, the standard of 65% domestic iron ore sample is as follows:

Iron content: 65%, range: 60%-67%

Humidity: 8%, range: 6-10%

Silicon dioxide: 5%, range: 4-6%

Alumina: 0.75%, range: 0.3-1.2%

Phosphorous: less than 0.03%

Sulphur:  less than 0.05%

PH value: acidity based, alkalinity converted into acidity

Granularity: over 70% within 0.074mm

Quantity: contracted volume of each transaction no less than 1000 tons

Place: ex factory price of 14 provinces and 32 mining areas

Payment: *% in cash. Other ways of payment will be standardized as cash transaction

Unit of price assessment: RMB/ton with 17% value added tax

B, the standard sample of 62% domestic iron ore is the same as 65% content.

2.2.3, Price index compilation methodology:

The domestic dry concentration price with tax in the 14 provinces and 32 mining areas are converted into 65% content dry standard price with tax, according to which the domestic price are calculated by weigh average. The 65% price would not be converted into index.

The domestic dry concentration price with tax in the 14 provinces and 32 mining areas are converted into 62% content dry standard price with tax, according to which the domestic price are calculated by weigh average. The nation’s weigh average price index takes the price in Apr, 1994 as 100 points to calculate domestic iron ore price index.

2.3, imported price index

2.3.1, Sources:

The basic data of imported iron ore price are sourced from:

2.3.1.1, the import price direct report system based on the direct import iron ore contract price collected by enterprises daily

2.3.1.2, the import price direct report system based on the direct import iron ore spot price collected by enterprises daily

2.3.1.3, price of the direct import iron ore assessed by experts group on every working day   (calculated by USD)

2.3.1.4, price of the direct import iron ore assessed by personnel in charge of information on every working day   (calculated by USD)

2.3.1.5. Import iron ore spot price assessed by expert group on every working day (calculated by RMB with tax)

2.3.1.6, import iron ore spot price assessed by personnel in charge of information on every working day (calculated by RMB with tax)

2.3.1.7, the closing price change of dominant contract of Dalian Commodity Exchange on that day 

2.3.1.8, transaction price by the offer of CBMX platform on that day

2.3.1.9, transaction price by the offer of Global Ore on that day

2.3.2,Calculation Methodology

2.3.2.1, basic data

The basic data of Iron ore import price index consist 2 parts, contracted data and evaluated data.

Contracted data refers to firstly the price in USD of dry 62% and 58% exclusive of tax converted by the direct imported contract price, and the average CIF price was calculated by the weighed practical contract

Secondly the RMB price of 62% and 58% dry products converted by the imported contract price of the spot transaction, and the imported spot trade RMB price was calculated by the weighed practical contract

Thirdly the closing price change on every trading day of the import iron ore future dominant contract of Dalian Future Exchange

Fourthly the data reported by 30 experts and 79 liaison men from nationwide on every working day.

The comprehensive prices are calculated based on various proportions. Take the imported iron ore US price in Apr, 1994 as 100 points, the imported 62% Fe content iron ore CIF price was calculated for the imported iron ore price index.

The calculation of CIF USD price of 62% direct import iron ore and RMB price of the imported iron ore in spot trade are as follows:

First, convert all the contract data into 62% Fe content. The condition of screening is that the contract was signed on that day, and S,P, Al and Si was converted by the standard with the deduction of water and impurities.

Second , process the evaluation data submitted by the panels and researchers.

Third, collect the closing price data of Dalian Commodity Exchange, CBMX and Global Ore.

Fourth, based on the proportion, the 62% direct imported iron ore CIF USD price and imported iron ore spot trade RMB price with tax included are calculated via various data.

Fifth, based on the 62% Fe content domestic price and 62% direct imported iron ore CIR USD price, each index is calculated. China Iron Ore Price Index is comprehensively calculated based on the weight of each index.

The calculation of 58% Fe content direct imported iron ore USD CIF price and spot trade RMB price with tax included are likewise, but not included in the index calculation.

sample:

A, the standard of 62% direct imported CIF USD price is as follows:

Iron content: 62%, range: 60%-63.5%

Humidity: 8%

Silicon dioxide: 4.5%

Alumina:  2.00%

Phosphorous: 0.075%

Sulphur:  0.02%

Granularity: over 90% within 10mm

Quantity: contracted volume of each transaction no less than 35000 tons

Place: CIF price of Qingdao Port converted by the major port in China

Mode of ocean shipping: CFR (freight included) or CIF ( freight and premium included)

Sail schedule: within 2-4 weeks 

Payment: *% immediate payment. Other ways of payment will be standardized as cash transaction

Unit of price assessment: USD/ton without value added tax

B: The standard of imported iron ore spot trade RMB price with tax included are as follows:

Iron content: 62%, range: 60%-63.5%

Humidity: 8%

Silicon dioxide: 4.5%

Alumina:  2.00%

Phosphorous: 0.075%

Sulphur:  0.02%

Granularity: over 90% within 10mm

Quantity: contracted volume of each transaction no less than 10,000 tons

Place: CIF price of Qingdao Port converted by the major port in China

Payment: *% immediate payment. Other ways of payment will be standardized as cash transaction

Unit of price assessment: yuan /ton without value added tax

C, USD CIF price of 58% direct imported low aluminum iron ore:

Iron content: 58%, range: 50%-60%

Humidity: 9.5 %

Silicon dioxide: 5.5%

Alumina:  1.5%

Phosphorous: 0.05%

Sulphur:  0.02%

Granularity: over 90% within 10mm

Quantity: contracted volume of each transaction no less than 35000 tons

Place: CIF price of Qingdao Port converted by the major port in China

Mode of ocean shipping: CFR (freight included) or CIF ( freight and premium included)

Sail schedule: within 2-4 weeks

Payment: *% immediate payment. Other ways of payment will be standardized as cash transaction

Unit of price assessment: USD /ton without value added tax

D, 58% imported low aluminum iron ore spot trade RMB price with tax:

Iron content: 58%, range: 50%-60% (60% excluded)

Humidity: 9.5 %

Silicon dioxide: 5.5%

Alumina:  1.5%

Phosphorous: 0.05%

Sulphur:  0.02%

Granularity: over 90% within 10mm

Quantity: contracted volume of each transaction no less than 10,000tons

Place: CIF price of Qingdao Port converted by the major port in China

Payment: *% immediate payment. Other ways of payment will be standardized as cash transaction

Unit of price assessment: yuan /ton including value added tax

3, Price weight:

Direct imported CIF USD price and imported spot trade RMB price with tax are calculated by the average weigh of the practical contract volume. Premiums will be calculated according to standard for the quality difference.

Illustration:

China Iron Ore Price Index Adaption Methodology is jointly released by CISA, CCCMC and MMAC,and iron ore price index office account for the explanation of the policy.

Contact person: Zhao Wei and Diao Li

Tel: 010-65131884, 15010935233

Email: zhaowei177@163.com


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